Five people were reportedly lynched in Dhule, India, on Sunday after a rumor that they were child kidnappers circulated on WhatsApp.
Twelve people were arrested for the murders, according to BBC, which reported the victims were members of a nomadic community that was passing through a village when they were attacked. The victims were begging when they were attacked.
One man was allegedly talking to a girl, which made some villagers suspicious. They questioned the group, but weren’t satisfied with its answers, M. Ramkumar, a senior police official, told the BBC. The villagers took the men to a room and beat them with bamboo sticks and stones.
Rumors on WhatsApp have been linked to twelve previous deaths in India, according to the BBC. The rumors are reportedly fueled by a video shared on WhatsApp that supposedly shows a child being abducted by two men on a motorcycle.
The unedited version of the video, however, is actually a child safety film from Pakistan that’s meant to raise awareness of the issue. An edited version circulated on WhatsApp includes text warning about “kidnappers.” Local media have also reported on the rumors, giving them some legitimacy and prompting attacks on people who are unfamiliar or don’t speak the regional language, according to the BBC.
More thanare registered on WhatsApp in India, a nation with 1.3 billion inhabitants. Many of the recent attacks involve assailants who might be new to smartphones, The Washington Post reports, and are therefore more susceptible to rumors spread on social media.
Last year, Indian officials threatened to. But an Indian minister later admitted the to stop “objectionable content” spreading on WhatsApp because it doesn’t have access to encrypted messages.
Facebook, WhatsApp’s parent company, has been accused of spreading misinformation and fake news, which some say helped elect president Donald Trump. CEO Mark Zuckerberg initially called the idea “crazy” before sharing a plan to eliminate fake information on the site. In January, Zuckerberg made a commitment to fix Facebook this year.
WhatsApp didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.